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Carbondale, KS

Osage County
Osage County Courthouse in Lyndon (2009)
Osage County Courthouse in Lyndon (2009)
Nickname: 
Land of Lakes [1]
Map of Kansas highlighting Osage County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°39′N 95°44′W / 38.65°N 95.73°W / 38.65; -95.73
Country United States
State Kansas
Founded1859
Named forOsage Nation
SeatLyndon
Largest cityOsage City
Area
 • Total720 sq mi (1,900 km2)
 • Land706 sq mi (1,830 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  2.0%%
Population
 • Total15,766
 • Density22.3/sq mi (8.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
WebsiteOsageCo.org

Osage County (county code OS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 15,766.[2] Its county seat is Lyndon,[3] and its most populous city is Osage City. The county was originally organized in 1855 as Weller County, and was renamed in 1859 after the Osage Native American Tribe.[4]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Osage County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 706 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.0%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,113
18707,648587.2%
188019,642156.8%
189025,06227.6%
190023,659−5.6%
191019,905−15.9%
192018,621−6.5%
193017,538−5.8%
194015,118−13.8%
195012,811−15.3%
196012,8860.6%
197013,3523.6%
198015,31914.7%
199015,248−0.5%
200016,7129.6%
201016,295−2.5%
202015,766−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[2]

Osage County is included in the Topeka Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 16,712 people, 6,490 households, and 4,737 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 7,018 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.27% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 6,490 households, out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,928, and the median income for a family was $44,581. Males had a median income of $30,670 versus $22,981 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,691. About 6.40% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Osage County is strongly Republican. In only six presidential elections from 1880 to the present day has the county failed to back the Republican Party candidate, most recently in Lyndon B. Johnson's national landslide of 1964.

United States presidential election results for Osage County, Kansas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,705 71.00% 2,136 26.58% 194 2.41%
2016 4,826 68.49% 1,753 24.88% 467 6.63%
2012 4,427 64.10% 2,268 32.84% 211 3.06%
2008 4,820 63.89% 2,534 33.59% 190 2.52%
2004 4,800 64.32% 2,537 33.99% 126 1.69%
2000 3,770 57.01% 2,530 38.26% 313 4.73%
1996 3,487 48.80% 2,502 35.01% 1,157 16.19%
1992 2,561 34.51% 2,297 30.95% 2,563 34.54%
1988 3,496 54.33% 2,840 44.13% 99 1.54%
1984 4,288 66.55% 2,072 32.16% 83 1.29%
1980 3,817 60.36% 2,088 33.02% 419 6.63%
1976 2,945 50.53% 2,755 47.27% 128 2.20%
1972 4,073 71.11% 1,522 26.57% 133 2.32%
1968 3,157 56.15% 1,664 29.60% 801 14.25%
1964 2,681 49.10% 2,737 50.13% 42 0.77%
1960 3,880 64.02% 2,150 35.47% 31 0.51%
1956 4,136 67.28% 1,979 32.19% 32 0.52%
1952 4,589 68.84% 2,036 30.54% 41 0.62%
1948 3,474 55.55% 2,659 42.52% 121 1.93%
1944 4,107 64.40% 2,212 34.69% 58 0.91%
1940 4,991 60.52% 3,186 38.63% 70 0.85%
1936 4,232 49.87% 4,224 49.78% 30 0.35%
1932 3,707 45.40% 4,199 51.43% 259 3.17%
1928 5,900 73.24% 2,058 25.55% 98 1.22%
1924 4,957 63.20% 2,050 26.14% 836 10.66%
1920 4,507 62.80% 2,414 33.64% 256 3.57%
1916 3,770 44.69% 4,276 50.69% 390 4.62%
1912 850 17.62% 1,969 40.82% 2,005 41.56%
1908 2,671 50.30% 2,288 43.09% 351 6.61%
1904 3,670 65.01% 1,516 26.86% 459 8.13%
1900 3,128 51.16% 2,901 47.45% 85 1.39%
1896 2,903 44.97% 3,481 53.93% 71 1.10%
1892 2,604 43.77% 0 0.00% 3,345 56.23%
1888 3,442 57.49% 1,380 23.05% 1,165 19.46%


Laws

Osage County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

The county voted "No" on the 2022 Kansas Value Them Both Amendment, an anti-abortion ballot measure, by 56% to 44% despite backing Donald Trump with 71% of the vote to Joe Biden's 27% in the 2020 presidential election.[13]

Education

Unified school districts

Media

Osage County is served by a weekly newspaper, The Osage County Herald-Chronicle. The newspaper has a circulation of approximately 4,500, making it the 3rd largest paid weekly publication in the state of Kansas.

The Herald-Chronicle was created by the merger of The Osage County Herald and The Osage County Chronicle in February 2007.

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Osage County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Osage County is divided into sixteen townships. The city of Osage City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Agency 00450 Quenemo 618 7 (19) 86 (33) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°34′21″N 95°32′12″W / 38.57250°N 95.53667°W / 38.57250; -95.53667
Arvonia 02550 136 1 (3) 112 (43) 13 (5) 10.13% 38°28′52″N 95°52′14″W / 38.48111°N 95.87056°W / 38.48111; -95.87056
Barclay 04175 239 2 (5) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.14% 38°33′42″N 95°52′0″W / 38.56167°N 95.86667°W / 38.56167; -95.86667
Burlingame 09375 Burlingame 1,768 9 (25) 186 (72) 1 (0) 0.43% 38°47′5″N 95°52′5″W / 38.78472°N 95.86806°W / 38.78472; -95.86806
Dragoon 18575 214 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°43′14″N 95°49′16″W / 38.72056°N 95.82111°W / 38.72056; -95.82111
Elk 20175 Overbrook 1,723 12 (32) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°47′21″N 95°33′58″W / 38.78917°N 95.56611°W / 38.78917; -95.56611
Fairfax 22150 513 5 (12) 111 (43) 5 (2) 4.14% 38°42′34″N 95°40′3″W / 38.70944°N 95.66750°W / 38.70944; -95.66750
Grant 27850 297 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.25% 38°38′25″N 95°52′24″W / 38.64028°N 95.87333°W / 38.64028; -95.87333
Junction 35725 1,210 9 (24) 129 (50) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°40′27″N 95°34′8″W / 38.67417°N 95.56889°W / 38.67417; -95.56889
Lincoln 40925 134 2 (4) 83 (32) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°29′7″N 95°33′17″W / 38.48528°N 95.55472°W / 38.48528; -95.55472
Melvern 45725 Melvern 812 7 (18) 115 (44) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°30′8″N 95°38′50″W / 38.50222°N 95.64722°W / 38.50222; -95.64722
Olivet 52725 Olivet 263 2 (5) 143 (55) 17 (7) 10.70% 38°29′53″N 95°44′51″W / 38.49806°N 95.74750°W / 38.49806; -95.74750
Ridgeway 59825 Carbondale 2,661 25 (64) 108 (42) 2 (1) 2.00% 38°48′56″N 95°40′56″W / 38.81556°N 95.68222°W / 38.81556; -95.68222
Scranton 63700 Scranton 1,273 14 (36) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.91% 38°47′30″N 95°45′10″W / 38.79167°N 95.75278°W / 38.79167; -95.75278
Superior 69500 293 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°38′44″N 95°47′34″W / 38.64556°N 95.79278°W / 38.64556; -95.79278
Valley Brook 73200 Lyndon 1,524 15 (38) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0.46% 38°36′44″N 95°40′35″W / 38.61222°N 95.67639°W / 38.61222; -95.67639
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on August 2, 2002.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Osage County, Kansas - Home".
  2. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Osage County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Osage County Website". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  13. ^ Panetta, Grace (August 3, 2022). "14 of the 19 Kansas counties that rejected an anti-abortion amendment voted for Trump in 2020". Business Insider. Retrieved August 3, 2022.

Further reading

External links

County
Other
Maps

Coordinates: 38°39′N 95°44′W / 38.650°N 95.733°W / 38.650; -95.733

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